On August 17, 1929, a newsletter from the "Report" "Assassination of the Confederate Party in Qingdao" was quite eye-catching:
The surrendered Communist Party member Wang Fuyuan was assassinated at Zhongshan Road at 6:25 pm on the 16th and was shot three times. He was killed and the murderer escaped.
The news said that CCP agent Zhang Ying was ordered to go to Shanghai from Shanghai to track the party traitor Wang Fuyuan, and then closely cooperated with his assistant Wang Keren. thing.
After a long life, finally succeeded
To restore the story, we must start with the protagonist Wang Fuyuan.
Wang Fuyuan is from Licheng County (now Licheng District) of Jinan City. The History of Licheng County, published in 1990, contained Wang Fuyuan's resume, but it was too simple. Edited by Zloga-
Wang Fuyuan was also known as Wang Quan and Wang Lisheng. He had read private school in the early years and worked as a watchmaker. In 1919, when he was an electrician and a messenger at the Provincial No. 1 Middle School, he reached out to progressive youth and read progressive books. In 1921, he served as a proofreader in the "Dadong Daily" of Jinan, participated in the founding of "Shandong Labor Weekly", and often published articles in the "Lixin" semi-monthly. In September of the same year, he participated in the Jinan Marx Doctrine Research Conference, and in January of the following year, he attended the First Congress of Communist Parties and National Revolutionary Groups in the Far East held in the Soviet Union. In August, he successively joined the Chinese Socialist Youth League, the Communist Party of China, and served as the secretary of the Jinan Local League Organization. In 1923, he was sent to Zhangdian, an important site on the Jiaoji Railway, to work in the railway system. He successively established the Zhangdian Station Trade Union, the Communist Youth League, and took charge of it. After 1925 he worked in Qingdao. In October 1926, he served as a member of the Executive Committee of the Shandong District of the Communist Party of China, responsible for organization work. In November 1928, the rebels attacked.
Regarding the reasons for Wang Fuyuan's rebellion, Jinan and Qingdao's party history archives have roughly the same description: Wang Fuyuan's desire to expand after he became an executive member of the Shandong Committee of the Communist Party of China. At the meeting, the Party Central Committee asked him to carry the 1,000 yuan activity funds allocated to the Shandong Party organization. He lied that the funds had been stolen on the way, and the evidence was his own. In April 1928, Wang Fuyuan again went to Shanghai and contacted the party organization as a reason to withdraw 2,000 yuan in cash from the integrated printing office of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee's printing unit, which caused the printing office to be closed. Wang Fuyuan's corruption of party fees was soon discovered by Deng Enming, the secretary of the provincial party committee, and the provincial party committee decided to expel him from the party. After the incident was over, Wang Fuyuan's dog jumped off the wall, turned into an enemy, and issued an "Anti-Communist Declaration" in November.
Wang Fuyuan abandoned the dark and cast a secret, and successively served as an officer of the Kuomintang Jinan Party Headquarters People's Training Committee, and a special party head of the Jiaoji Railway. Encouraged by his deception, his brother Wang Yongzhang, who was the director of the Communications Department of the Shandong Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China, followed the "launch". After the Wang brothers contaminated, they quickly provided a batch of important secrets. Since January 1929, Deng Enming, Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, He Zisheng, Secretary-General, and cadres Zhu Xiao and Yang Yichen have been arrested. The Shandong Provincial Party Committee has been hit hard.
The news came to Shanghai. Zhou Enlai, secretary of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China, convened an emergency meeting to study the countermeasures. The final decision was: first, quickly transfer the Communist Party leader known by the renegade brother Wang Fuyuan from Shandong; . After Zhang Ying took the lead, Wang Zhaogong, who was assigned to study by the Central Committee of Shandong Province, accompanied him to Shanghai from Shanghai.
After arriving in the Youth League, Zhang Ying and the staff of the Qingdao Municipal Committee carefully planned. In order to cover Zhang Ying, the Qingdao Municipal Party Committee mobilized Fu Guilan, the eldest daughter of the Fu family, and Zhang Ying as husband and wife through the lover of the underground party member Fu Shutang, and went to Jinan to find Wang Fuyuan. After the two arrived, they stayed at the “Old Yuelai” Inn on the main road of Jinan Commercial Port. At this time, the Bagua Building of the Secretariat of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee was detected by the enemy. The secretary of the Provincial Party Committee noticed that the enemy was breaking in while the documents were being burned, and found out the ashes of Zhang Ying, who had not been burned, from the ashes. There was a secret word in the letter: "We have no business to do in Qingdao. Jinan intends to find business here today. Please come to the meeting when you see the letter."
Brothers Wang Fuyuan and Wang Yongzhang immediately sent the gangster Li Qingzhang and three others, as well as eight people in plain clothes and armed police, to the "Lao Yuelai" inn, waiting immediately after learning the secret letter. In the evening, Zhang Ying and Fu Guilan, who did not know it, were arrested as soon as they entered the inn. The next day, Wang Zhaogong, who did not know what had happened, came to the joint as scheduled and was also taken down.
Zhang Ying and Fu Guilan were put in the First Public Security Bureau of Jinan City. In prison, Zhang Ying was unyielding and faced severe torture. While the night was quiet, while the guards were tired, he took out the wire hidden in the soles of the shoes and opened the shackles, escaped the wall, and hurriedly returned to Qingdao after disguising himself in the village.
The Qingdao Municipal Party Committee arranged for Zhang Ying to temporarily recuperate. In the meantime, he stepped up to instruct his assistant Wang Keren to practice marksmanship in preparation for the eradication of Wang Fuyuan.
In view of Wang Fuyuan's secret contact with the CCP renegade Ding Weizun in Qingdao, the Qingdao Municipal Party Committee member did the ideological work of Ding Weizun's wife and Communist Party member Fu Yuzhen. First, she persuaded her husband to identify Wang Fuyuan who was here for youth activities, and then encouraged his righteousness. Responsible for implementation. On the night of August 10, with the cooperation of Fu Yuzhen, Zhang Ying entered the Dingzhai House on the second floor of Huixing Xili, Qingdao, saying that the Central Government sent someone to find him. Ding Weizun hesitated again and again, and finally walked with Zhang Ying to the intersection of Ziyang. At the right time, Zhang Ying pulled the trigger of the pistol ...
Upon hearing that Ding Weizun was executed, Wang Fuyuan was terrified, and traveled back and forth between Jiqing carefully.
On August 15th, the Qingdao party organization learned from insiders that Wang Fuyuan sneaked back to Qingdao and will go to the "Xinshengtai" shoe store at 110 Zhongshan Road in the evening to pick up important information. The relevant personnel promptly informed Zhang Ying and Wang Keren to start Prepared for rape, so the two disguised themselves and followed them closely.
At about 6 pm on the 16th, Wang Fuyuan took a rickshaw to the "Xin Shengtai" leather shoe store at 110 Zhongshan Road. The store is at the intersection of Zhongshan Road and Baoding Road, and the south is Sifang Road. Based on this terrain, Zhang Ying quickly agreed with Wang Keren. He restrained the police at the intersection and looked at the wind. Wang Keren entered the leather shoe store and succeeded in running towards Sifang Road. .
Wang Fuyuan vigilantly inspected the customers in the store. Wang Keren was calm and generous, and did not attract his attention. When Wang Fuyuan left the store carrying a shoe box, Wang Keren quickly approached and shot his heart with a pistol hidden in his sleeve. Wang Fuyuan was shot to the ground in fear that he would not die, so he made two more shots. Anxious, Wang Keren pulled away and quickly left.
Tian Baode, the on-duty police officer, was about to go to see when he heard the gunshot, and was braced by Zhang Ying with a gun. After Wang Keren escaped into the hustle and bustle of the Quartet Road, Zhang Ying let go of Tian Baode and quickly got out.
After Zhang Ying completed his mission to eradicate the renegade Wang Fuyuan, he hurried away like a mysterious knight wandering the rivers and lakes, and never left traces in the Qingdao archives.
From January 1st to 21st, 1980, the People's Daily serialized 15 consecutive installments of the author Jun Jun (Liu Junyu, now from Anqiu City, Weifang), according to Zhang Ying's order to execute execution of the renegade Wang Fuyuan, a martial arts novel written by Zhou Enlai. Wu Hao Sword.
Wu Hao, a pseudonym of Zhou Enlai, enrolled in the revolutionary organization "Awareness Society" when he was enrolled in Tianjin Nankai Middle School, and was numbered 5 and 5 with the homonym "Wu Hao", which later became his contact code.
"Wu Hao's Sword" has aroused a good response in the society, and Zhang Ying and his adultery incident, which has been silent for many years, have become a topic again. Who is Zhang Ying in the novel? Many people are guessing.
"The" Sword of Wu Hao "has aroused heated discussion in the Hanting area in northern Weifang today. Wang Zhaogong, who accompanied him to Shandong, is the founder of the Weixian Party Organization Armed Forces. On April 20, 1928, the Weixian County Party Committee organized the Red Guards in He led the county tax bureau on Dalishuji. According to this, many locals speculate that Zhang Yingji is likely to be from Weixian. "A media person who is familiar with this history and a researcher of literature and history in Hanting District, Weifang City. Liu Zhiwei told the author.
When the Weibei people made all kinds of speculations, things turned out unexpectedly.
Liu Zhiwei said that in the spring of 1980, the Weixian County Party Committee received a letter from the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Liberation Army: "Please help to find out the origin of Comrade Zhang Ying. Zhang Ying was originally named Ma Zongxian. He was from Gaoli, Wei County, medium-sized, high Little education level. "The letter specifically stated: In March 1929, Zhang Ying was sent by Zhou Enlai to execute the renegade Wang Fuyuan in Shandong. He was born and died, his deeds were touching, and the writer signed" Jihe ".
Ji He, Founding Major General, formerly known as Tian Dexiu, was born in Tancheng County, Henan Province. In 1925, when Tian Dexiu went to study at the Kamenev Military Academy in Kiev, the Soviet Union, he changed his name to Kyivnov, or Kyiv, for short, and later replaced the original name.
In 1919, the 14-year-old Tian Dexiu read two books, Spirit Book and Soldier's Book, written by Feng Yuxiang, and admired Feng's patriotic spirit, moral spirit, and military spirit. Just after the Spring Festival in 1920, he quietly ran away from home and turned to Feng Yuxiang. In 1925, Feng Yuxiang sent him to the Soviet Union for further studies. He changed his name to Jihe while studying at the Kaminoev Military Officer School in Kiev, and later studied at the Moscow Advanced Infantry School. In 1927, he joined the All-Sulenin Communist Youth League. Jihe returned to China in 1931 and joined the Communist Party of China in the same year. In 1935 he went to study in the Soviet Colonial Institute for Ethnic Problems. Returned in 1938. Later he served as a tactical instructor in Xinjiang Recruit Battalion, assistant Chen Tanqiu, representative of the Communist Party of China in Xinjiang office, deputy commander of the eastern part of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Road Guard Army, and chief of staff of the Inner Mongolia Military Region. Since the founding of New China, he has successively served as military attache to the ambassador to the Soviet Union, deputy director of the Military Science and Regulation Department of the Training Directorate of the PLA, deputy director of the Foreign Military Research Department of the Academy of Military Sciences and a consultant to the Academy. In 1964, due to poor health, he took the initiative to leave for recuperation. He died of illness in January 1983.
According to the clues provided by Jihe, the Weixian County Party Committee quickly locked Majia Village in Shuangyang Town (now Shuangyang Town, Hanting District, Weifang City) and sent a special person to investigate immediately. Unfortunately, just a few days before investigators entered the village, Zhang Ying's wife, who remained in the village early, died. His brother provided the situation of the young Zhang Ying: Zhang Ying was born in 1902, studied martial arts at an early age, and went to study at the Gaoli New School in Weixian at the age of 13. He left home in 1920 and came to Beijing through relatives to participate in Feng Yuxiang's army in 1922.
According to historical data, Zhang Ying served as lieutenant lieutenant in Feng Yuxiang's ministry. In November 1925, he was sent to study in the cavalry class of the Soviet Red Army Officer School and joined the Communist Party of China. In 1927, he studied at the Soviet High-ranking Military Academy and returned to the country at the end of the year. He went to Shanghai in 1928 and engaged in security work in the Party Central Organ.
After receiving the investigation from Weixian County Party Committee, Jihe thanked the reply letter, which briefly introduced the situation after Zhang Ying eradicated Wang Fuyuan--
On December 16, 1929, Zhang Ying was instructed by the Central Committee to go to Henan to serve as the 32nd Division Chief of the New Army of Chinese Workers and Peasants, with a pseudonym Liu Ying. Later, he repeatedly held the positions of the Red First Division, the Red Tenth Division, and the 73rd Division of the Fourth Front Army. He was brave in combat, both civil and military, and was Xu Qianqian's powerful assistant. In June 1932, Zhang Ying was wounded in the battle and was organized to be sent to Shanghai for medical treatment. He was arrested by the enemy while passing through Wuhan, and he was heroically justified under Wuchang City.
In the spring of 1990, the Hanting District Party Committee and District Government set up a monument to Liu Ying martyrs. The inscription carved by Marshal Xu Xiangqian in June 1987 reads: "Red loyal and loyal Liu Ying martyrs." It turned out that Xu Shuai missed the admiral, respected historical facts, and wrote the name of the martyr as "Liu Ying".
"The history of the party in Weixian contains: After completing the adultery mission in Qingdao, Zhang Ying secretly came to the former Xinzhuang underground party member to participate in the Weixian County Party Committee reorganization meeting in Putian's home in November of that year, and then returned to Shanghai to return to life. This is the last time Zhang Ying returned home Former Qianzhuang and Majiacun, where he was born, are only a few miles away. "Liu Zhiwei said.
Wang Keren, who was raped with Zhang Ying, is from Fushanhou Village, Qingdao (now Fushan, Bei District). Zhizai of Qingdao City, "Wang Keren joined the Communist Party of China in the winter of 1926, and served as a transportation officer of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee in February 1929, and participated in the execution of the execution of the big traitor Wang Fuyuan in August of the same year. In 1930, he served as Secretary of the Shandong Workers' Movement Committee."
Wang Keren died in 1930, whether it was a revolutionary sacrifice or died of illness. The file is unknown.
What happened to Wang Fuyuan
As an important member of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee of the Communist Party of China, Wang Fuyuan published the "Anti-Communist Manifesto" public rebellion, which once attracted much attention from all walks of life. He was shot dead within 10 months of joining the Kuomintang, and died in Qingdao's most prosperous commercial street. After Wang Fuyuan's death was reported in the newspapers, the KMT Party Department in Shandong Province and the Qingdao Special City Party Department were quite embarrassed and had to divert their attention through active aftermath. The Qingdao Municipal Special Public Security Bureau stepped up its blame, punished the offending police officers, and solved the case within a time limit.
On August 21, Shenbao published a follow-up report of Wang Fuyuan's death:
Party member Wang Fuyuan was killed, and the Provincial Party Affairs Arrangement Committee dispatched staff to deal with the aftermath. The Public Security Bureau punished the police officers and police officers. The first branch director Zhu Binxun and the first branch clerk Ouyang Qin withdrew from the grade. The on-duty police officer Tian Baode was sent to the bureau to be severely detained. The case will be resolved within seven days, and the person in charge will still be punished.
▲ The Qingdao Special City Government ordered the Finance Bureau to allocate Wang Fuyuan's pension.
On August 25, the Qingdao Special Municipal Government followed the instructions of the Municipal Party Affairs Steering Committee and arranged the Municipal Finance Bureau to issue 1,000 yuan and 400 yuan for Wang Fuyuan and Ding Weizun's pensions, respectively, under Directive No. 641.
In order to open the letter of compliance of the quasi-party steering committee of the compliance case, Wang Fuyuan and Ding Weizun captured a total of many bandits, resulting in the death of the public. In addition to submitting a central petition, the order was based on Wang Dinger's achievements in life, and he was granted preferential treatment. this. Cha Wangding and Ding Zhan worked hard to capture the dead and were sniped by the communist bandits. It was very uncomfortable. The government paid pensions to comfort the spirits. Wang Fuyuan gave Yang one thousand yuan and Ding Weizun gave four hundred yuan. In addition to the reply, He Xing's order was issued separately by the financial bureau.
Wang Fuyuan was a special commissioner of the Jiaoji Railway Party Affairs Arrangement Committee during his lifetime. For this reason, on the afternoon of September 1, the Jiaoji Railway Committee decided to grant Wang Fuyuan a pension of 1,800 yuan, and to Ding Weizun together with a grant of 600 yuan.
▲ The Jiaoji Railway Party Affairs Arrangement Committee sent a letter to Qingdao Special City Government regarding Wang Fuyuan's pension collection.
On the 2nd, "Report" reported: "After the party members Wang Fuyuan and Ding Weizun were killed, the former city government allocated Wang 1,000 yuan and Ding 400 yuan. The Jiao Road Committee decided to approve the king's pension 1,800 yuan and Ding 600 yuan yesterday afternoon. Yuan. (One-day special call) "
On the 16th, the Jiaoji Railway Party Affairs Arrangement Committee sent a letter to the Qingdao Special City Government, informing Wang Fuyuan that his brother Wang Yongzhang would come to receive the pension. Please check the speed dial at that time.
Perhaps because he was afraid to play his brother's tragedy again, Wang Yongzhang did not come to Qingdao to receive his pension. Instead, Bian Songfu, a traffic clerk of the Jiaoji Railway Party Affairs Arrangement Committee, came with the supporting documents to collect it. On September 21, the Qingdao Special Municipal Finance Bureau explained this situation to the municipal government, and the municipal government agreed to allocate the funds. On the 29th, Wang Yongzhang received Wang Fuyuan's pension, but "Ding Weizun's family members came to receive a collar."
▲ The Finance Bureau of Qingdao Special City allocated Wang Fuyuan's pension of 1,000 yuan.
At this point in the text, according to "Licheng County Chronicle", by the way, Wang Yongzhang--
Wang Yongzhang, also known as Wang Yan, Wang Tiansheng, and Wang Shoujun, went to Europe as a recruiter of Chinese workers in 1917, returned to the country via the Soviet Union in 1920, and founded the "Jinan Labor Weekly" with Wang Xiangqian, Wang Jinmei and others in 1921, and participated in the Jinan Communist Group and Jinan The Marx Doctrine Research Association joined the Communist Party of China in early 1922 and attended the First National Labor Conference in May of the same year. After the meeting, it was dispatched by the Jinan Independent Group of the Communist Party of China to work in Zibo mining area. In September, he acted as the director of the Shandong branch of the China Labor Portfolio Secretary.
In June 1923, Wang Yongzhang attended the Third National Congress of the Communist Party of China. In October, he served as the director of the Agricultural and Industrial Department of the Jinan Local Executive Committee of the Communist Party of China. In January 1924, he acted as the chairman of the Jinan Local Executive Committee of the Communist Party of China and presided over the work of the Jinan Local Committee of the Youth League. In May, he attended the enlarged meeting of the Executive Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. After the meeting, he was assigned to Zibo as special commissioner, responsible for party organization in the mining area, and led the workers' movement. In August 1925, Wang Yongzhang was elected as an alternate member of the Shandong Provincial Committee. Arrested in November for damage to the local party committee. After being released from prison in 1928, he served as director of the Communications Department of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee and a member of the party group of the Jinan Federation. In November, his brother Wang Fuyuan rebelled and enemies. Soon Wang Yongzhang also participated in the Communist Party for rebel activities.
In February 1929, Wang Yongzhang openly voted against the enemy, and served as a member of the Qing Party Committee of the Kuomintang Jinan Party Committee. He later served as the leader of the action group for hunting Communists and actively destroyed the Communist Party organization. Soon after, it was renamed Wang Tiansheng and used the yellow union to conduct covert sabotage. Wang Yongzhang has successively served as the Director of Investigation of the Organization Department of the KMT Shandong Provincial Party Department, a member of the KMT Jiaoji Railway Party Affairs Arrangement Committee, an investigator of the KMT Jiangsu Provincial Government, the leader of the Investigation Division of the KMT Central Organization Department, and the director of the Tobacco and Alcohol Tax Bureau of Shaanxi Provincial Finance Department Job. After the founding of New China, it was arrested according to law by the people's government and died in Jinan prison in 1957.
On October 3, 1929, the KMT Qingdao Special City Party Department actively prepared to hold a memorial ceremony for King Fuyuan at the Qiyan Guild Hall in Guantao Road. For this purpose, representatives from various departments, social organizations and the central agencies in Qingdao of Qingdao Special City were present.
At 10 am on the 5th, the memorial meeting for Wang Fuyuan was held in Qiyan Hall. The "Report" stated, "The venue is full of misfortunes, and the situation is miserable. The speech was made by Chairman Yang Xingqin (Member of the Kuomintang Qingdao Special City Party Affairs Steering Committee). bitter."
The traitors Ding Weizun and Wang Fuyuan were successively killed by the special personnel of the Communist Party of China without delay in solving the case. Chen Lifu, the head of the Kuomintang ’s Central Organization Department, could not sit still, and then wrote to Acting Mayor of Qingdao Special City Wu Siyu to “severely contain reactionary situations.
At this time, Wu Siyu, the former director of the General Office of the General Command of the National Revolutionary Army and the commander of the Central Military Police, acted as mayor of Qingdao Special City for just three months. The shooting of Wang Fuyuan occurred more than a month after taking office, which made Wu's unfamiliar person scratch his head.
On October 9, Wu Siyu wrote back to Chen Lifu——
Li Fu my brother Hui Jian:
Taking part in the exhibition, he was pleased to show that the central government has severely curbed the reactionary situation. The brothers in Qingshi should do their best to search for them, and have recently won another one, Lin Yi. They have serious suspicions in the assassination of Wang Fuyuan and Ding Weizun. They are conducting intensive investigations in order to confess to the party and do everything possible.
On March 16, 1931, the "Qingdao National Daily" published the notice of "Mr. Wang Fuyuan's Funeral Administration":
The martyr Wang Fuyuan, a devotee, worked hard in the youth to sacrifice the Communist Party and donated his life for the country. He died for more than a year, and the military turmoil has remained in the temple to this day. When the overall situation is stable, it is advisable to bury and comfort the soul. It is now scheduled to be buried on April 9th in the sun of Ma'anshan in the north of Jinan.迳 Send No. 46, Qianyuan Street, Jinan, Tongan, the Netherlands. This Kai
Wang Fuyuan finally settled in for peace. At this point, Zhang Ying, who had been sent to Huangquan, had been promoted to the rank of commander of the Red Army, and was now led by Xu Qianqian, fighting in the Central Plains.
(Note: The photos in the text are reprinted by the author from Qingdao Archives)
Editor-in-chief: Zhang Zhaoxin
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