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General Secretary concerned about high-quality development | Reduction of taxes and confidence

来源: 新华网 作者: 2019-12-25 09:30:54 Source: Xinhua Author:

(Guided by Xi Jinping's Thoughts on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era—New Era, New Chapter, General Secretary Concerns High Quality Development)

Reduce taxes and fees plus confidence-larger tax and fee reduction policies show results

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 24th. Topic: Reduction of Taxes and Fees plus Confidence-Greater Tax and Fee Reduction Policy Shows Effectiveness

Xinhua News Agency reporters Shen Yun, Wei Donghua, and Pan Yan

Tax and fee reductions reach market entities directly, and policies are effective and inclusive, with a direct and profound impact. "To implement the tax reduction and fee reduction policy" and "to consolidate and expand the effect of tax reduction and fee reduction"-the Central Economic Work Conference held recently made the latest deployment of the tax reduction and fee reduction policy implementation.

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that tax and fee reduction policies and measures should take root to allow enterprises to enter the battlefield lightly.

Since this year, more large-scale tax and fee reductions have continued to be made, and one after another has been introduced to reduce the burden on enterprises. In the first three quarters, a total of 1,773.4 billion yuan of new tax and fee reductions were added nationwide, reducing the burden on tens of millions of enterprises and increasing the confidence and confidence to forge ahead.

As a "heavy punch" of active fiscal policy and a "key move" to cope with the downward pressure on the economy, the tax and fee reduction policy will benefit the current and the long-term, and will effectively strengthen the economic development potential and better help China's economy climb through the hurdle Towards high-quality development.

“Unpacking” for small and micro enterprises

This winter, for Wu Lizhong, who has been in the grey fabric industry for about 8 years, it was a bit cold.

China Textile City in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, trades nearly a quarter of the world's textile products, and Wu Lizhong's store is located in it. Entering the store, colorful and functional fabrics are dazzling, from the floor to the ceiling.

"This year's market climate is not so ideal. Orders from Europe and the United States have fallen by 20%." Wu Lizhong said that business fluctuations are normal. When market fluctuations come, it is even more necessary to stay focused.

In the face of pressure, this year's tax and fee reduction policy has relieved colleagues and confidence, including Wu Lizhong. "Last year, our shop paid more than 30,000 yuan in taxes. This year, we don't have to pay all of them. This allows us to go through this period of adherence more smoothly."

Significantly relax the standards for small and small profit enterprises that can enjoy corporate income tax benefits, increase the incentives for income taxes, and increase the threshold for small-scale taxpayers' VAT ... Since this year, measures to expand the tax reduction dividends of small and micro businesses have allowed more Small and micro enterprises "unburdened."

In Chongqing, more than 11,600 self-employed individuals in Chaotianmen Market, the largest comprehensive wholesale market in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River, do not have to pay VAT and additional taxes this year.

"According to this year's policy, we can save more than 1,400 yuan in value-added tax and additional taxes each month, which is equivalent to a profit of nearly 20,000 yuan a year." Zhang Yongmei, a self-employed business, smiled.

Data from the State Administration of Taxation shows that in the first three quarters, small and micro enterprises' inclusive policies have increased tax reduction by 182.7 billion yuan. "This inclusive tax reduction policy for small and micro enterprises covers more than 95% of taxpaying enterprises, of which 98% are private enterprises, which will prompt more enterprises to reduce their burdens and enter the battlefield lightly." Said Jing Tingru, a professor at Anhui University of Finance and Economics. .

"Fueling" the transformation of manufacturing companies

Mattress + 5G, what sparks will collide?

As one of the leading companies in the domestic mattress industry, the production workshop of Zhejiang Xilinmen Furniture Co., Ltd. was once covered with several kilometers of lines. These criss-crossed complex data lines are difficult to migrate, troubleshoot, and upgrade, and have become obstacles to improve the efficiency of workshop management.

This spring, the 5G Industrial Internet-based spring machine production line was put into production, and the "tail" of the machine in the workshop was cut off. Without the line fetters, the machine can walk freely between factories, and production efficiency has been further improved.

"Enterprise development is like sailing against the water, if you don't move forward, you will retreat. We must make every effort to continuously optimize management and continuously improve the process." According to Chen Bin, executive vice president of the company, the cost of building an industrial Internet platform based on 5G in the enterprise is not small. The feasibility of this project has been discussed many times.

"At this time, the country introduced a series of tax and fee reduction policies, which enabled us to invest more and have peace of mind in research and development." Chen Bin told reporters that this year the company's VAT reduction space is expected to be about 50 million yuan, fixed assets once Sexual deductions can reduce income tax expenses by about 20 million yuan, and other policies such as social security can save about 14 million yuan, "this greatly promotes the company's introduction of 5G new technology and new equipment and investment in research and development."

Reducing VAT rates, reducing social security rates, implementing tax rebates for some advanced manufacturing industries ... Tax reductions and fees will focus on the real economy, injecting new vitality into more companies in the critical period of transformation and upgrading.

Entering the Snowman Co., Ltd. in Fuzhou, Fujian, a brand new hydrogen energy bus is striking. From the initial production of refrigerators to the research of high-end compressors, to the switch to the hydrogen energy industry, this traditional manufacturing industry has constantly opened up new spaces for development while insisting on innovation.

"Without core technology, you will be subject to others." Lin Rujie, deputy general manager of the company, told reporters that the company expects to pay 9.2 million yuan less in value-added tax at the end of this year than last year. The upgrade is more confident.

In the first three quarters, the country's manufacturing industry achieved tax reductions of 473.8 billion yuan, accounting for 31.36% of the total new tax reductions, ranking first in various industries. Li Xuhong, director of the Institute of Fiscal and Taxation Policy and Application of the Beijing National Accounting Institute, commented: "Tax reductions and fee reductions have strongly boosted manufacturing confidence, promoted industry development, and enabled the Chinese economy to continue to improve."

Pioneering the R & D of Innovative Enterprises

In many "books" of enterprises that have intensified research and development and focused on innovation, the amount of taxes and fees saved this year is particularly considerable.

Shenyang Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd. is expected to enjoy a tax reduction and dividend reduction policy of more than 19 million yuan this year; Lenovo (Beijing) Co., Ltd. has deducted 110 million yuan in research and development expenses this year; Tongwei Solar (Chengdu) Co., Ltd. has reduced taxes this year About 100 million ...

The policy of increasing the deduction ratio for research and development expenses, and building a general policy support system ... In recent years, a number of measures to promote corporate innovation have continued to make efforts. Many of the reduced real gold and silver have directly turned into "R & D seed funds" for enterprises.

"The company's R & D investment this year is more than 4 million yuan, which is double the amount last year." Wu Deren, chairman of Zhejiang Yihanghai Information Technology Co., Ltd. said that policies such as the increase of deductions for research and development expenses have encouraged companies to further increase investment in research and development.

The special survey carried out by the National Bureau of Statistics shows that more than 70% of the tax reduction bonus is used for corporate R & D, technological transformation and expansion of reproduction and reinvestment, which obviously drives enterprises to increase investment in research and development. According to the statistics of the State Administration of Taxation, in the first three quarters of this year, the R & D expenses of 100,000 key tax source enterprises in China increased by 19.3% year-on-year, an increase of 3.4% over the whole year of 2018.

With the saved funds, not only the strength of the R & D efforts, but also the confidence to open up the market.

In this year's complicated and changing foreign trade situation, more than 90% of the products exported to overseas Nanjing Desuo Industrial Co., Ltd. handed out a brilliant report card: the first three quarters of cumulative sales and pre-tax profits achieved rapid growth.

Jia Guanhua, the person in charge of the company's finance, said that there was a boost in tax and fee reductions behind the results. A series of policies, such as tax incentives and additional deductions for research and development costs, for high-tech enterprises have reduced the company's annual burden by about 30 million yuan. "This has really eased the pressure on capital costs, promoted a new round of industrial upgrading, and greatly strengthened our international competitiveness."

Confidence is also written in the smile of He Qianyong, the person in charge of Putian Zeyangguang Technology Co., Ltd.

"Although the enterprise has only been established for 2 years, a number of tax and fee reduction policies this year have helped companies reduce their tax burden by 5%. We are more confident to respond to the call of the Belt and Road Initiative." He Ganyong said confidently that the company is actively planning Undertake foreign projects and plan to go abroad in 2020.

The tax department survey data show that 92.2% of taxpayers believe that the reduction of taxes and fees has positively impacted the production and operation activities of enterprises and boosted the confidence of market players.

"Since this year, the policy of reducing taxes and fees has really come to fruition." Bai Jingming, deputy dean of the China Academy of Finance and Science, said that by reducing trillions of taxes and fees, not only accumulating kinetic energy for the development of enterprises, but also for economic transformation The upgrade adds impetus to help China's economy move steadily and farther, and move faster towards high-quality development.

"Tax reductions and fee reductions have continued in recent years, and their policy effects will continue to be released next year, further reducing the burden on enterprises and adding vitality to the economy." Said Yang Zhiyong, deputy director of the Academy of Economic Strategy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Tax reductions will bring challenges to the fiscal revenue and expenditure situation next year. To effectively strengthen fiscal budget management, the government must "act in a tight way", further optimize the structure of fiscal expenditures, and ensure the implementation of tax and fee reduction policies.

Editor-in-chief: Liu Congcong

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