Guanxiang Mountain ｜ Another important national strategy has landed, Qingdao has been given the priority to try these first!
Qingdao is constantly superimposing its national strategy and deeply "embedding" the overall national development situation.
On December 27, 18 departments such as the National Development and Reform Commission jointly issued the "Notice on the Implementation of the National Urban-Rural Integration Development Pilot Zone Work", which was published at the first meeting of the Inter-Ministerial Joint Meeting on Urbanization and Urban-Rural Integration Development. "National Urban-Rural Integration Development Pilot Zone Reform Plan", and a list of national urban-rural integration development pilot zones jointly determined by all relevant parties. The joint issuance of so many departments shows the extreme importance of this work and the overall nature of the whole thing.
△ Source: The official website of the National Development and Reform Commission.
Why is urban-rural integration so important? Taking the road of urban-rural integration development is the due meaning of modernization. Establishing a sound urban-rural integration development mechanism and policy system is a major decision-making arrangement made by the 19th National Congress of the CPC and one of the top-level "national strategies.
In order to reshape the new urban-rural relationship, take the road of urban-rural integration and development, and promote rural revitalization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas. On April 15th, more than eight months ago, the State Council of the Communist Party of China issued Opinions "became a programmatic document for the integration of urban and rural development. This time, the joint publication of 18 departments is the implementation of this opinion and the implementation of the national strategy of integrated urban and rural development.
△ Source: Chinese Government Network.
Look at Qingdao's role in this national strategy. A total of 11 districts across the country have been selected as the list of national urban-rural integration development zones. The local Jiqing district in Shandong includes 10 districts and cities in Jinan, Zibo, and Qingdao. The Qingdao area is "one district and two cities"-Jimo District, Pingdu City, Lai West City.
What does this national strategy mean for Qingdao?
Like the whole country, Qingdao has made significant progress in coordinating urban and rural development and promoting new-type urbanization. However, problems such as the unsmooth flow of urban and rural factors and the unreasonable allocation of public resources remain prominent. It is the "urban-rural gap" and the "north-north gap" in the city.
Based on this understanding, of the 15 offensives launched by Qingdao this year, the three offensives of the Pingdu Laixi Offensive, the Rural Revitalization Offensive, and the Transportation Infrastructure Construction Offensive are all aimed at promoting the integration of urban and rural areas and reducing the urban-rural gap.
On the one hand, the uneven development of urban and rural areas is caused by the difference in resource endowments, but the dual system of urban and rural areas is the root of the system. To integrate development, we must break down the disadvantages of institutional mechanisms. To break down these entrenched institutional mechanisms often requires top-down. Qingdao was listed in the National Urban-Rural Integration Development Pilot Zone and gained an opportunity. The pilot policy granted by the state will have a superimposed effect with the offensive operations being promoted by Qingdao, and will complement each other for Qingdao's urban-rural integration and development, as well as economic and social development. Hierarchical levels provide a powerful driving force.
The urban-rural divide needs to be filled
The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the main contradictions in our society have been transformed into the contradictions between the people's increasing needs for a better life and imbalanced and inadequate development.
In a sense, the most imbalanced development is the imbalance between urban and rural development, and the most inadequate is the inadequate rural development.
Under the guidance of coordinated development and guided by the problem, Qingdao has been considering and exploring how to improve the integration mechanism of urban and rural development, promote equal exchange and reasonable allocation of urban and rural elements, and have a good coordination and balance between urban and rural development.
But the imbalance between urban and rural development remains outstanding. In terms of income, in 2018, the per capita disposable income of urban residents in Qingdao was 50,817 yuan, the per capita disposable income of rural residents was 20,820 yuan, and the income ratio between urban and rural residents was 2.44: 1. There are still significant gaps in income, medical care, education, employment, health, and infrastructure between urban and rural areas.
The uneven development of urban and rural areas has become an important factor restricting the balanced development of the economy. If a more balanced development environment is not established as soon as possible, the risk of "intergenerational transmission" exists between urban and rural gaps.
This "new play" in Qingdao works
To promote the development of urban-rural integration, we must first find the crux of the obstacles to the development of urban-rural integration.
The main reason for the imbalance between urban and rural development is the disparity in the concentration and integration of resources between urban and rural areas. Resources are always converging to higher returns. For a long time, the vast rural areas have few development opportunities, few jobs, low incomes, and naturally they are not attractive to human, financial, and material resources.
To this end, since this year, Qingdao has launched an offensive to revitalize the countryside, and strive to reduce the gap between urban and rural areas through the development of rural areas, and achieve the integration of urban and rural development. Qingdao strives to take the road of rich peasants in industry, talents to help agriculture, culture to promote agriculture, ecology to benefit agriculture, and organization to strengthen agriculture.
The offensive effect is obvious. Since June this year, Qingdao has signed 16 new agricultural projects worth over 100 million yuan, with a total investment of 25.85 billion yuan, 24 projects under construction with a total investment of over 100 million yuan, and a total investment of 24.81 billion yuan.
At the same time, Qingdao also launched the breakthrough Pingdu Laixi offensive, taking the breakthrough of Pingdu Laixi as the focus of the city's regional coordinated development, the main front for rural rejuvenation and the main battlefield for poverty alleviation, focusing on industrialization, agricultural modernization, new urbanization and Four tough battles to improve transportation infrastructure and push Laixi City in Pingdu to catch up.
To accelerate the orderly and efficient flow of factors, we must remove the obstacles that hinder the free flow of factors. Qingdao launched a rural reform and innovation battle, deepened the reform of the rural land system, deepened the reform of the rural collective property rights system, deepened the reform of the rural financial support system, and focused on breaking the system bottleneck.
In order to break through Pingdu Laixi, Qingdao encourages the two cities to explore the development of modern agriculture through various methods such as mortgages on the right to use rural homesteads, supports the two cities to deepen the reform of the land property rights system, and explores the transfer of savings indicators in the form of "land coupons" for flexible implementation. "Industrial enclave" policy.
In a powerful offensive, Pingdu Lacey was fully activated. As of the end of November, there were 92 new projects with a contract value of over 100 million yuan in Pingdu City, with a planned total investment of 121.84 billion yuan, an increase of 11% and 242.5%, respectively; 143 new projects with a contract value of over 100 million yuan in Laixi City, with a total planned investment of 114.226 billion yuan. Increased by 74.4% and 71.6% respectively.
With the project, there are more opportunities and higher income, people will come naturally, and there is hope for rural development.
Why Qingdao was selected
There are many reasons for the uneven development between urban and rural areas, but the most fundamental lies in the dual urban-rural management system, that is, the urban-rural division management system. Because of this dual system, there are differences in national income distribution, resource allocation, and prices of industrial and agricultural products, and the final reflection is the difference in income between urban and rural residents.
Therefore, to promote the development of urban-rural integration, the prerequisite and key is to establish and improve the institutional mechanism and policy system of urban-rural integration and development. This time, 18 departments jointly issued a document to carry out the work of the National Urban-Rural Integration Development Pilot Area to take the pilot approach as an important reform method, and take the lead in establishing the urban-rural integration development institutional mechanism and policy system to provide the country with typical replicable and replicable experiences.
Why was Qingdao selected? The 11 regions selected this time are: Zhejiang Jiahu District, Fujian Fuzhou East District, Guangdong Guangqing Junction District, Jiangsu Ningxi Chang Junction District, Shandong Jiqing District, Xuchang, Henan, Yingtan, Jiangxi, Western Chengdu, Sichuan, Western Chongqing area, Shaanxi Xixian junction area, Jilin Changji junction area.
From the perspective of regional distribution, 5 of these 11 areas are in the eastern region, 2 in the central region, 3 in the western region, and 1 in the northeast region. These test areas have a good foundation for development and reform, a strong willingness to test, and local policy guarantees. Among them, the test scope of mega-mega cities and type Ⅰ cities is part of the contiguous districts and counties in the suburbs, and type Ⅱ cities and small and medium cities. The scope is global.
Among them, the test area of Shandong Jiqing local area is Licheng District, Changqing District, Shizhong District, Zhangqiu District, Jinan High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Zichuan District, Zibo District, Zimo District, Qingdao Du City and Laixi City, with an area of about 12,846 square kilometers, rank second in 11 experimental areas in the country. Qingdao Jimo, Pingdu and Laixi have a total area of 6664.8 square kilometers, accounting for 52% of Shandong Jiqing and 59.1% of the city, providing a broad experimental platform for pilot reform measures. In 2018, the “one district and two cities” achieved a total GDP of 292.9 billion yuan, accounting for 24.4% of the city ’s total; the resident population was 3.38 million, accounting for 36% of the city ’s total; the “one district, two cities” urbanization rate was lower than the city ’s average, Industrialization, agricultural modernization, and new urbanization have room for improvement.
As the only selected coastal area in the northern region, “One District and Two Cities” is located in the center of the Shandong Peninsula urban agglomeration, and is a “hub” connecting Qingdao, Yantai, and Weifang. It is the manufacturing center of the Jiaodong Peninsula and the economic development potential of Qingdao. Where it has the natural geographical advantage to undertake the flow of economic factors and industrial transfer in the surrounding regions. Taking the Qingdao metropolitan area as a starting point, linking the “Belt and Road” international cooperation, interlinking land and sea networks, and helping to realize the strategic pattern of the integration of the Jiaodong Peninsula economic circle and the joint development of the Yellow River and the Yellow Sea. The pilot urban-rural integration development pilot areas in Jimo, Pingdu, and Laixi are highly representative of the high-quality development of coastal towns using their location advantages, and can form typical experiences in a timely manner across the province and the country.
Pilot tasks are not light
The tasks carried out in these 11 test areas are not trivial. We must focus on 11 areas to explore and try first.
To establish a system of orderly population migration in urban and rural areas, establish a system of peasants settled in cities and cities to voluntarily transfer and withdraw from rural rights and interests, establish a rural collective business construction land access system, improve rural property mortgage security rights, and establish a mechanism for transforming scientific and technological achievements into rural areas. Establish a cooperation platform for urban-village transformation, a coordinated development platform for urban-rural industries, establish a mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products, establish an institutional development mechanism for the integrated development of urban-rural infrastructure, establish an institutional development mechanism for the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas, and improve the mechanism for farmers' continuous income increase.
Of course, due to the different locations, endowments, and development stages of each test area, the test tasks carried by them have different focuses. Among them, the focus of the trial in Shandong Jiqing Area is to establish a system of peasants who settle in cities and voluntarily transfer from the rural rights and interests in accordance with the law, establish a rural collective business construction land access system, build a cooperation platform for urban village reconstruction, build a platform for coordinated development of urban and rural industries, and establish ecological agricultural products. Value realization mechanism.
In fact, these pilot tasks are no stranger to Qingdao.
For example, the establishment of a rural collective business construction land access system aims to promote the free flow of rural factors and create conditions for exchange and allocation. At present, the rural revitalization offensive initiated by Qingdao is improving the rural collective asset management system, improving rural collective property rights, and conducting trials of collective asset equity pledge loans and rural “political and economic separation”. At the same time, the breakthrough of the Pingdu Laixi Offensive is also focusing on launching various types of rural mortgage asset financing loans and pilot projects for rural collective assets equity pledge loans; supporting the two cities to deepen the reform of the land property rights system and exploring the circulation of savings indicators in the form of “land coupons”. .
For example, build a platform for the coordinated development of urban and rural industries. By promoting the "company + cooperative + village collective + farmer" model, Qingdao has cultivated 10 characteristic agricultural towns and 2 national industrial strong towns. Jiaozhou has been approved as a national characteristic agricultural advantage zone, and Pingdu has been approved as a national-level rural industry. Pilot demonstration counties for integrated development. In addition, two modern national marine pastures have been newly built. The project has created 23 city-level rural complexes, and a number of rural complexes such as the Jiaozhou Peninsula rural complex with an investment of 2.37 billion yuan have begun construction.
It can be said that the pilot task given to Qingdao by the state is fully in line with the reality of Qingdao's urban-rural integration development. The completion of these pilot tasks will play an important role in Qingdao's coordinated promotion of the rural revitalization strategy and the new urbanization strategy, help break through the Pingdu Laixi offensive, and reduce the gap between north and south regions and urban-rural development.
Not only the "hat" but also the policy
To promote the integration of urban and rural areas, we must touch on the fundamentals, eliminate the system's shortcomings, and make up for the shortcomings of policies. It requires local efforts, but also the top-level assistance of the central government. This is why the central government mentioned the establishment of a sound urban-rural integration development mechanism and policy system as a "major decision-making deployment."
The "National Urban-Rural Integration Development Pilot Zone Reform Plan" clearly proposes that the central government should take overall planning into account and focus on local governments. Focusing on top-level design and grass-roots initiatives to promote mutual progress, relevant departments must seek truth from facts, support excellence, and consider the “four major plates” of different city scale levels and regions, focusing on economically developed regions, metropolitan areas, and suburbs of large cities. List of test areas and test tasks; the test areas should strengthen the sense of subject responsibility and initiative, and vigorously promote the establishment of new institutions and mechanisms.
The experimental area should not only focus on each other, but also turn around the key, and proceed from the local reality, taking into account the reform foundation and development needs, and explore targeted reform paths and methods of original and differentiated reform; it must also systematically plan, strengthen synergy, and promote various reforms. Support each other to provide a comprehensive system of supply for the integration of urban and rural development.
Because of the arduous task, the central government, while sending the "hat", also sent very powerful supporting policies to provide a powerful and effective incentive policy guarantee for the reform of the pilot zone.
■ Authorization of reforms, such as allowing eligible pilot areas to carry out deepening reforms of rural homestead system reforms, various types of rural property rights mortgage guarantee financing, etc .;
■ Strengthen financial protection. Relevant departments should set up special funds for urban-rural integration development, and the provincial people's government where the pilot zone is located should support the development of the pilot zone through financial transfer payments;
■ Strengthen financial support, increase the scale and intensity of medium- and long-term loans to eligible enterprises in the pilot zone, and support the financing of urban-rural linkage construction projects that are packaged as a whole;
■ To strengthen policy integration, it is necessary to carry out national rural industrial integration development demonstration parks, pilot farmer cooperatives to improve the quality of the whole county, and pilot projects for the development of private enterprises to the countryside in pilot areas. When assigning new construction land indicators, support the pilot areas and many more.
These policies are undoubtedly "timely rain" for Qingdao. Compared with Qingdao's previous "bottom-up" urban-rural integration development reform, entering the experimental zone will enjoy the benefits of a package of pilot policies, as well as the central, provincial, and municipal organizational guarantees, which will undoubtedly be smoother.
It can be said that the shortcoming of Qingdao lies in the integration of urban and rural development, and the potential and future of Qingdao also lies in the integration of urban and rural development. If the tough battle of urban and rural integration and development can be fought, Qingdao's rural rejuvenation and new urbanization will accelerate, the gap between urban and rural development will be further reduced, and the entire city will have incalculable development space and potential.
Author ｜ Silent
Editor-in-chief: Liu Congcong
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